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北京地区:21考研英语高分冲刺之重点词组盘点【5】

2020-01-07 16:11:48 69 中国考研网

  start from scratch


  从头做起,从零开始


  【例句】I know nothing about this trade so I have to start from scratch.我对这个行业一无所知,所以我得从头做起。


  start with


  作为开始


  【例句】For any job search, you should start with a narrow concept what you think you want to do — then broaden it.搜寻任何工作时,你应该从一个有限的范围开始——比如你认为你自己想干什么,然后再扩大范围找。


  step by step


  逐步


  【例句】The proof is set out, step by step, on the blackboard?求证已一步步地写明在黑板上。


  step in


  插入,介入


  〔例句】Gore can step in and take control of the reconstruction effort.戈尔可以介入,并掌管重建工作。


  step into*


  K进入


  〔例句】Watch out and don't step into the general manager's office until it is your turn to have an interview with him.在没轮到你和总经理会见时,注意不要进入他的办公室。


  L代替某人


  【例句】When the star got sick, his understudy stepped into his part.这位明星生病时,他的替身就会顶替他。


  step up


  提高,加快,加紧


  【例句】Governments are increasingly compelled to interfere in these sectors in order to step up production and ensure that it is utilized to the best advantage.政府越来越有必要干预这些部门,以提高生产并确保最有效地利用生产。


  stick out


  1、伸出,突出


  【例句】The dentist asked me to stick out my tongue.牙医让我把舌头伸出来。


  2、坚持到底;继续


  【例句】The suspect stuck out that he was guiltless.这个嫌疑犯坚持说自己无罪。


  stick to


  坚持,忠于;信守


  〔例句】People in small towns still stick to old discipline and standards. 小城镇的人们仍然固守着旧的规则。


  [Tips]词组中的to为介词,其后接名词。


  stumble on/upon/across*


  偶然发现,偶然遇到


  【例句】My favorite radio song is the one I first heard on a thick 1923 Edison disc I stumbled upon at a garage sale.我最喜欢的广播歌曲,是从一张我在家庭旧货市场上偶然碰到的1923年爱迪生发明的唱盘上第一次听到的。


  subject to...


  1、取决于…的,受…支配的


  【例句】Every plan is subject to change.每一个计划都依变化而定。


  2、使服从;使遭受


  【例句】Some people think that talented children "bum themselves out" in the early years, and, therefore, are subjected to failure.有些人认为聪明的儿童会在早期耗尽精力,因此将来会遭受失败。


  suffer from


  1、患病;遭受


  【例句】Having been isolated on a remote island, with little work to occupy them, the soldiers suffered from boredom and low spirits.战士们待在一个偏僻的孤岛上,与世隔绝,无所事事,他们因无聊而痛苦,情绪低落。


  2、忍受,忍耐


  【例句】Billions of people suffer from water shortage in the world.世界上有数十亿人在经受着缺水之苦。


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