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(广东)考研英语词组之考前复习真题整理【下】

2020-01-06 17:32:24 263 中国考研网

  导致;使话题(渐渐)转向


  【例句】First we need to make clear the events that led up to the dispute. 首先我们要弄清楚那些引起这场争执的事情。


  以为特征


  【例句】He argued that human evolution was characterized by a struggle he called the ''survival of the fittest," in which weaker races and societies must eventually be replaced by stronger, more advanced races and societies.他提出,人类的进化是以一种被他称之为"适者生存" 的斗争为特征的,在这种斗争下,较弱的种族和群体最终必然被更强大、更高级的种族和群体所取代。


  把…合在一起(考虑)组合在一起


  【例句】


  systematically but rather lump together information from different research projects.有些公司所采用的资料库并不领依赖于那些 经过系统收集的资料,而是把来自不同的研究项目的资料合到 一起。


  和—致,与…协调


  【例句】


  we may consider the original Puritans as carriers of European culture adjusting to New world circumstances.但为了 与我们对南部知识分 子的生活的调查相一致,我们可以把最初的清教徒看作是与新 世界环境相融合的欧洲文化的传播者。


  与…相反


  【例句】Contrary to the descriptions in the literature, they found no systematic evidence that levels of productivity in the factory rose whenever changes in lighting were implemented.与文学中的描述相 反,他们没有找到全面的证据表明,每次照明灯亮度的变化都 会引起工厂生产率水平的提高。


  削减,减弱


  【例句】Workers tended to be diligent for the first few days of the working week in any case, before hitting plateau and then slackening off.不管 怎样,在每个工作周的头几天,工人们往往会比较勤奋,但到


  达了一个顶峰的时候就会松弛下来。


  按比例缩减,相应缩减


  【例句】Now the nation5 s top patent court appears completely ready to scale back on business-method patents, which have been controversial ever since they were first authorized 10 years ago.目前该国的最高专 利法庭似乎完全准备好对商业方法专利进行缩减,这些专利自 十年前首次得到批准后一直备受争议。


  掌握


  【例句】They tend to keep a tighter hold on their purse and consider eating at home a realistic alternative.他们往往把自己的钱包看得更紧, 认为在家吃饭是个实际可行的选择。


  处于停顿状态


  【例句】 Retail sales of food and drink in Europe' s largest markets are at a standstill leaving European grocery retailers hungry for opportunities to grow.食品和饮料在欧洲最大市场的零售处于停滞的状态,这令欧洲的商店零售商们急于寻求发展的机会。


  先发制人


  【例句】 Later, more established companies raced to add such patents to their files, if only as a defensive move against rivals that might beat them to the punch.后来,更多已经成立的公司争着往自己的备案档 中加入这些专利,只要能把这当作是防止竞争对手先发制人的 防范举动就好。


  尾随,紧跟


  【例句】 The Federal Circuit' s action comes in the wake of a series of recent decisions by the Supreme Court that has narrowed the scope of protections for patent holders.联邦法院的行动紧随最高法院最近 的一系列决议,最高法院已经缩小了专利权所有方的保护范围。


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