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考研英语:阅读理解技巧之细节题

2019-10-22 14:11:29 110 中国考研网

  细节题:


  在文章中,作者总是要通过许多具体细节来说明、解释、证明或分析文章的主题思 想。在通读全文、掌握了文章主题思想的基础上,考生还要特别注意涉及who, what, when, where, how和why等问题的内容。


  细节类题目常见提问形式有:


  What causes... ?


  Why does the author mention... ?


  How many... ?


  Where in the passage does the author describe... ?


  What time does the writer think is... ?


  The author mentions that....


  The writer states....


  Which of the following is NOT true according to the information in the passage?


  Which of the following is mentioned in the passage?


  What is the example of... as described in the passage?


  The author mentions all of the following except....


  The reason for... is....


  The author states that....


  According to the passage, when (where, why, how, who, etc.)....


  How much should a person pay, if he wants to get the longest period of medical care?


  该类题型的命题规律是:题干和答案在意义上通常等于原文中某一部分的内容,只 是用了不同的表达方式。所用的方法大致有释义,使用同义词、反义词或词组,利用词汇 的同现、复现,上下文中词以及句式和语态的转换等等。干扰项要么与文章中的事实或观 点截然相反,要么与文章所述的事实或观点部分不符,要么在文章中根本没有涉及。在回 答此类问题时,应采用扫描阅读方式(Scanning),因为这些具体内容常以“wh-”形式来提 问,如who, what, when, where, why及how等形式。考生在选择答案前应首先看准题目, 看清问题所问,找出问题的关键词,即能表达问题所涉及内容的中心词,然后迅速在短文 中用查读的方法找岀关键词在短文中的位置,以及包含所需信息的句子或短语,最后根据 这些句子或短语做岀正确的选择。


  例如:


  The ratio of male students to female at both universities is about_.


  A.2:1 B. 1:3 C. 3:32  D. 3: 10


  文章依据句:There are at present approximately 9,400 students in residence, of whom over a third are women (Oxford)... There are at present over 9, 000 students in residence, of whom a third are women.


  答案非常明确,即A. 2:1。


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